Found among the rich starfields of the Milky Way, star cluster NGC 7789 lies about 8,000 light-years away toward the constellation Cassiopeia


Explanation:

Found among the rich starfields of the Milky Way,
star
cluster NGC 7789 lies about 8,000 light-years away
toward the constellation Cassiopeia.

A late 18th century deep sky discovery of astronomer
Caroline Lucretia Herschel,
the cluster is also known as Caroline’s Rose.

Its
visual appearance
in small telescopes, created by
the cluster’s complex of stars and voids,
is suggestive of nested rose petals.

Now estimated to be 1.6 billion years young, the
galactic or open
cluster of stars
also shows its age.

All the stars in the cluster were likely born
at the same time, but the brighter and more massive ones have more
rapidly exhausted the hydrogen fuel in their
cores.

These have evolved from
main sequence
stars like the Sun into the many red giant stars shown with a
yellowish cast in this color composite.

Using measured color and brightness,
astronomers can model the mass and hence the age of
the cluster stars just starting to “turn off” the main sequence
and become red giants.

Over 50 light-years across,
Caroline’s Rose spans about
half a degree (the angular size of the Moon) near the center of
the sharp telescopic image.

Source: https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap240706.html

NGC 7789: Caroline's Rose